Jungian therapy - or Jungian analysis as it is also known - is a psychoanalytic approach that was developed by leading psychotherapist, Carl Gustav Jung. Along with Freud, Jung is considered one of the pioneers of modern depth psychology, particularly of the unconscious mind.
Although Jung worked with Freud for some time, they eventually parted ways due to differing theories. Whilst Freud asserted that dreams and the unconscious are personal things contained within an individual, Jung believed that the personal unconscious is only the top layer of a much deeper, larger collective unconscious - the uncontrollable, inherited part of the human psyche which is made up of patterns (archetypes) common to all humanity.
In Jungian therapy, these patterns can explain why we have habits we cannot break, such as addictions, depression and anxiety. Therefore the approach aims to analyse these archetypes in order to better understand the human self. Through the process of self-awareness, transformation and actualisation, Jungian therapy can help individuals see what is out of balance in their psyche. This is to empower them to consciously make changes that will help them to become more balanced and whole.